Olympische Spiele (von altgriechisch τὰ Ὀλύμπια ta Olýmpia „die Olympischen Spiele“ S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main , ISBN Die XXIV. Olympischen Winterspiele werden vom 4. bis zum Februar Vorlage:Zukunft/In 3 Jahren in der chinesischen Hauptstadt Peking ausgetragen. Die Winterspiele werden damit zum ersten Mal direkt hintereinander ( Die Liste der Fahnenträger der Olympischen Spiele führt die Fahnenträger sowohl der Eröffnungsfeier am 9. Februar als auch der Schlussfeier am
Eine Autopsie ergab, dass er mit Amphetaminen gedopt gewesen war. Er war mit neuem Weltrekord Olympiasieger im Meter-Lauf geworden, wurde dann aber positiv auf Stanozolol getestet.
Im Jahr aufgetauchte Dokumente zeigten, dass zahlreiche Athleten aus der DDR auf Anweisung der Regierung gezielt von ihren Betreuern mit anabolen Steroiden und anderen Mitteln gedopt worden waren.
Der McLaren-Report wurde am Ein Vergleich der Leistungen von Athleten in verschiedenen Sportarten und zu verschiedenen Zeiten ist von begrenzter Aussagekraft.
Dieser Artikel behandelt die Olympischen Spiele der Neuzeit. Olympische Spiele der Antike. Liste der aberkannten olympischen Medaillen.
Olympisches Museum , , S. The Tertullian Project, abgerufen am Le Potentiel, , abgerufen am Wenlock Olympian Society, archiviert vom Original am Juli ; abgerufen am Young, The Modern Olympics , S.
Von der Geburt einer Idee. Rugby School motivated founder of Games. Sports Illustrated , 8. Juli , archiviert vom Original am August ; abgerufen am September ; abgerufen am Canadian Broadcasting Corporation , Mai , abgerufen am Internationales Olympisches Komitee, abgerufen am Olympische Winterspiele, Die Chronik.
British Broadcasting Corporation , 4. September , abgerufen am Spiegel Online , Dezember , abgerufen am Roles and responsibilities during the Olympic Games.
Internationales Olympisches Komitee, Januar , abgerufen am 3. Internationales Olympisches Komitee, 8. Olympisches Museum, , abgerufen am 3.
Internationales Olympisches Komitee, Juli , abgerufen am 2. August , abgerufen am Rheinische Post , 8.
August , ehemals im Original ; abgerufen am Der Link wurde automatisch als defekt markiert. British Broadcasting Corporation, 8.
Internationales Olympisches Komitee, April , S. The programme of the games of the olympiad. Internationales Olympisches Komitee, Dezember , abgerufen am 3.
Oktober , abgerufen am Critical Reflections on Olympic Ideology. Die Presse , November , abgerufen am The Olympic Ideal and the Winter Games.
Mai ; abgerufen am Klitschko wohl nicht dabei. Juni , abgerufen am USA Today , Juli , archiviert vom Original am 5. The Commercialisation of sport.
Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement. Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Sport and leisure cultures. Oktober , archiviert vom Original am Januar ; abgerufen am Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , Die Chinesen kommen, sehn und lernen.
Die Zeit , 7. Januar , abgerufen am August , archiviert vom Original am The New York TImes, Juli , abgerufen am August , archiviert vom Original am 5.
Die Olympischen Spiele und die Weltmeinung. Oktober ; abgerufen am Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 7. Internationales Olympisches Komitee, Oktober , S.
Als es reichlich Fleisch in Moskau gab. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Mexiko-Stadt — Los Angeles Seoul — Atlanta Die Tageszeitung , 5.
Die Welt , British Broadcasting Corporation, The Marathon From Hell. Marathon and beyond, , abgerufen am Antidoping Schweiz, archiviert vom Original am 6.
Februar ; abgerufen am Der Tagesspiegel , Bill seeks to toughen drug testing in pro sports. San Francisco Chronicle , April , abgerufen am Geheimsache Doping — Wie Russland seine Sieger macht.
Panathenaic Stadium was the main venue, hosting four of the nine sports contested. The city of Marathon served as host to the marathon event and the individual road race events.
Tennis was a sport unfamiliar to Greeks at the time of the Games. The Bay of Zea is a seaport and marina in the Athens area;  it was used as the swimming venue because the organizers of the Games wanted to avoid spending money on constructing a special purpose swimming venue.
Four of the venues were reused as competition venues for the Games. The velodrome would be renovated into a football stadium in and was known as Karaiskakis Stadium.
Most of the competing athletes were aligned on the infield, grouped by nation. After a speech by the president of the organising committee, Crown Prince Constantine, his father officially opened the Games with the words in Greek: Long live the Nation.
Long live the Greek people. Other elements of current Olympic opening ceremonies were initiated later: At the Sorbonne congress, a large roster of sports were suggested for the program in Athens.
The first official announcements regarding the sporting events to be held featured sports such as football and cricket,  but these plans were never finalised, and these sports did not make the final list for the Games.
The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. The athletics events had the most international field of any of the sports.
The major highlight was the marathon , held for the first time in international competition. Spyridon Louis , a previously unrecognised water carrier, won the event to become the only Greek athletics champion and a national hero.
Although Greece had been favoured to win the discus and the shot put , the best Greek athletes finished just behind the American Robert Garrett in both events.
No world records were set, as few top international competitors had elected to compete. In addition, the curves of the track were very tight, making fast times in the running events virtually impossible.
Despite this, Thomas Burke , of the United States, won the meter race in Burke was the only one who used the " crouch start " putting his knee on soil , confusing the jury.
Eventually, he was allowed to start from this "uncomfortable position". Australian competitor Edwin Flack came to Athens to watch the games, but decided to compete in the athletics events.
He won two races—the meter and the meter. Chile claims one athlete, Luis Subercaseaux , competed for the nation at the Summer Olympics.
This makes Chile one of the 14 nations to appear at the inaugural Summer Olympic Games. The rules of the International Cycling Association were used for the cycling competitions.
Only one road event was held, a race from Athens to Marathon and back 87 kilometres. In the track events, the best cyclist was Frenchman Paul Masson , who won the one lap time trial , the sprint event, and the 10, meters.
Flameng won the event, after a fall, and after stopping to wait for his Greek opponent Georgios Kolettis to fix a mechanical problem.
The Austrian fencer Adolf Schmal won the hour race, which was completed by only two cyclists, while the road race event was won by Aristidis Konstantinidis.
The fencing events were held in the Zappeion , which, built with money Evangelis Zappas had given to revive the ancient Olympic Games, had never seen any athletic contests before.
These professionals were considered gentlemen athletes, just as the amateurs. Leonidas Pyrgos , who won the latter event, became the first Greek Olympic champion in the modern era.
The gymnastics competition was carried out on the infield of the Panathinaiko Stadium. Germany had sent an man team, which won five of the eight events, including both team events.
In the team event on the horizontal bar , the German team was unopposed. Three Germans added individual titles: Louis Zutter , a Swiss gymnast, won the pommel horse , while Greeks Ioannis Mitropoulos and Nikolaos Andriakopoulos were victorious in the rings and rope climbing events, respectively.
A regatta of sailing boats was on the program of the Games of the First Olympiad for 31 March However this event had to be given up.
The Regatta could not take place because some special boats embarkation had not been provided for. Held at a range at Kallithea , the shooting competition consisted of five events—two using a rifle and three with the pistol.
The first event, the military rifle , was won by Pantelis Karasevdas , the only competitor to hit the target with all of his shots.
The second event, for military pistols , was dominated by two American brothers: John and Sumner Paine became the first siblings to finish first and second in the same event.
To avoid embarrassing their hosts, the brothers decided that only one of them would compete in the next pistol event, the free pistol. Sumner Paine won that event, thereby becoming the first relative of an Olympic champion to become Olympic champion himself.
The Paine brothers did not compete in the meter pistol event , as the event judges determined that their weapons were not of the required calibre.
In their absence, Ioannis Phrangoudis won. The final event, the free rifle , began on the same day. However, the event could not be completed due to darkness and was finalised the next morning, when Georgios Orphanidis was crowned the champion.
The swimming competition was held in the open sea because the organizers had refused to spend the money necessary for a specially constructed stadium.
Nearly 20, spectators lined the Bay of Zea off the Piraeus coast to watch the events. The water in the bay was cold, and the competitors suffered during their races.
Nevertheless, he won the two events in which he swam, the and meter freestyle. The meter freestyle was won by Austrian swimmer Paul Neumann , who defeated his opponents by more than a minute and a half.
Although tennis was already a major sport by the end of the 19th century, none of the top players turned up for the tournament in Athens.
The competition was held at the courts of the Athens Lawn Tennis Club , and the infield of the velodrome used for the cycling events.
John Pius Boland , who won the event, had been entered in the competition by a fellow-student of his at Oxford; the Greek, Konstantinos Manos.
As a member of the Athens Lawn Tennis sub-committee, Manos had been trying, with the assistance of Boland, to recruit competitors for the Athens Games from among the sporting circles of Oxford University.
In the first round, Boland defeated Friedrich Traun , a promising tennis player from Hamburg , who had been eliminated in the meter sprint competition.
Boland and Traun decided to team up for the doubles event, in which they reached the final and defeated their Greek and Egyptian opponents after losing the first set.
The sport of weightlifting was still young in , and the rules differed from those in use today. Competitions were held outdoors, in the infield of the main stadium , and there were no weight limits.
The first event was held in a style now known as the " clean and jerk ". Two competitors stood out: Both of them lifted the same weight; but the jury, with Prince George as the chairman, ruled that Jensen had done so in a better style.
The British delegation, unfamiliar with this tie-breaking rule, lodged a protest. The lifters were eventually allowed to make further attempts, but neither lifter improved, and Jensen was declared the champion.
Elliot got his revenge in the one hand lift event, which was held immediately after the two-handed one. Jensen had been slightly injured during his last two-handed attempt, and was no match for Elliot, who won the competition easily.
The Greek audience was charmed by the Scottish victor, whom they considered very attractive. A curious incident occurred during the weightlifting event: Prince George came to his assistance; he picked up the weight and threw it a considerable distance with ease, to the delight of the crowd.
No weight classes existed for the wrestling competition, held in the Panathenaic Stadium, which meant that there would only be one winner among competitors of all sizes.
The rules used were similar to modern Greco-Roman wrestling , although there was no time limit, and not all leg holds were forbidden in contrast to current rules.
Apart from the two Greek contestants, all the competitors had previously been active in other sports. Weightlifting champion Launceston Elliot faced gymnastics champion Carl Schuhmann.
The latter won and advanced into the final, where he met Georgios Tsitas , who had previously defeated Stephanos Christopoulos.
Darkness forced the final match to be suspended after 40 minutes; it was continued the following day, when Schuhmann needed only fifteen minutes to finish the bout.
On the morning of Sunday 12 April or 3 April, according to the Julian calendar then used in Greece , King George the Great organised a banquet for officials and athletes even though some competitions had not yet been held.
During his speech, he made clear that, as far as he was concerned, the Olympics should be held in Athens permanently. The official closing ceremony was held the following Wednesday, after being postponed from Tuesday due to rain.
Again the royal family attended the ceremony, which was opened by the national anthem of Greece and an ode composed in ancient Greek by George S.
Robertson , a British athlete and scholar. Afterwards, the king awarded prizes to the winners. Unlike today, the first-place winners received a silver medal, an olive branch and a diploma, while runners-up received a copper medal, a laurel branch, and diploma.
Louis then led the medalists on a lap of honour around the stadium, while the Olympic Hymn was played again. The King then formally announced that the first Olympiad was at an end, and left the Stadium, while the band played the Greek national hymn and the crowd cheered.
Like the Greek king, many others supported the idea of holding the next Games in Athens, most of the American competitors signed a letter to the Crown Prince expressing this wish.
Coubertin, however, was heavily opposed to this idea, as he envisioned international rotation as one of the cornerstones of the modern Olympics.
According to his wish, the next Games were held in Paris, although they would be somewhat overshadowed by the concurrently held Universal Exposition.
The concept of national teams was not a major part of the Olympic movement until the Intercalated Games 10 years later, though many sources list the nationality of competitors in and give medal counts.
There are significant conflicts with regard to which nations competed. The International Olympic Committee gives a figure of 14, but does not list them.
Some sources list 12, excluding Chile and Bulgaria; others list 13, including those two but excluding Italy. Belgium and Russia had entered the names of competitors, but withdrew.
Ten of the 14 participating nations earned medals, in addition to three medals won by mixed teams , i. The IOC has retroactively assigned gold, silver and bronze medals to the three best placed athletes in each event to comport with more recent traditions.
To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title. Women were not entitled to compete at the Summer Olympics, because de Coubertin felt that their inclusion would be "impractical, uninteresting, unaesthetic and incorrect".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. King George I . Athletics at the Summer Olympics.Tennis und Tischtennis werden aufgenommen. West- Deutschland West- Deutschland Februar den offiziellen Zeitplan. Die Wintersportart Eiskunstlauf stand und auf dem Programm von Sommerspielen, Eishockey Pyeongchang bid to host kostenlos spiele online spielen ohne anmeldung the and Winter Olympics, but lost in the final rounds of liga english to Vancouver and Sochi respectively. The Winter Olympics featured events over 15 disciplines in 7 sports,  making it the gutscheincode lotto Winter Olympics to surpass medal events. Retrieved 4 January Spiegel Onlinetennis strategie. The handball em männer were eventually allowed to make further attempts, but neither lifter improved, and Jensen was declared the champion. Starlight casino west edmonton mall grassroots effort raiseddrachmas. Maidem Die Sommerspiele in Los Angeles markierten einen Wendepunkt. Die Sowjetunion wiederum nahm nicht an den Sommerspielen in Los Angeles teil. Pyeongchang werd de derde Aziatische stad die de Olympische Winterspelen kreeg toegewezen.